What Is TREPS In Mutual Fund?

Charlotte Miller

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Are you curious to know what is TREPS in mutual fund? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about TREPS in mutual fund in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is TREPS in mutual fund?

Investing in mutual funds is a popular choice for individuals looking to grow their wealth and diversify their portfolios. Within the mutual fund landscape, there are various investment strategies and instruments used to maximize returns while managing risk. One such strategy is the use of TREPS, which stands for Tri-party Repo, and it plays a crucial role in enhancing the returns of certain mutual fund schemes. In this blog, we will delve into what TREPS in mutual funds are, how they work, their benefits, and considerations for investors.

What Is TREPS In Mutual Fund?

TREPS, or Tri-party Repurchase Agreements, are short-term fixed income instruments used by mutual funds to generate additional returns on their idle cash holdings. These agreements involve a mutual fund lending its surplus funds to banks or financial institutions in exchange for government securities as collateral. The lending institution agrees to repurchase the securities at a predefined price, typically slightly higher than the original transaction amount, on a specific future date.

Key Components Of TREPS In Mutual Funds:

  1. Mutual Fund: The mutual fund acts as the lender in a TREPS transaction, offering its surplus cash for investment.
  2. Bank/Financial Institution: The borrower, often a bank or financial institution, receives cash from the mutual fund and provides government securities as collateral.
  3. Government Securities: These are high-quality, liquid securities issued by the government, such as treasury bills or government bonds. They serve as collateral for the cash borrowed in a TREPS transaction.

How Do TREPS Work?

The process of a TREPS transaction involves several steps:

  1. Initiation: The mutual fund decides to participate in a TREPS transaction and identifies eligible counterparties, typically banks or financial institutions.
  2. Collateral: The borrowing institution provides government securities as collateral to the mutual fund in exchange for cash.
  3. Agreement Terms: The terms of the repo agreement, including the interest rate, maturity date, and the repurchase price, are agreed upon by both parties.
  4. Interest Earnings: The mutual fund earns interest income on the cash lent to the borrower during the tenure of the agreement.
  5. Collateral Revaluation: Periodically, the value of the government securities provided as collateral is revalued, and additional collateral may be required if their value falls.
  6. Repurchase: At the maturity date, the borrowing institution repurchases the government securities from the mutual fund at the agreed-upon repurchase price.

Benefits Of TREPS For Mutual Funds

  1. Enhanced Returns: TREPS provide mutual funds with the opportunity to earn higher returns on their surplus cash, typically more than what they would earn from traditional fixed deposits or money market instruments.
  2. Safety: Government securities offered as collateral are considered safe and provide a level of security to the mutual fund.
  3. Liquidity Management: TREPS enable mutual funds to manage their liquidity effectively by earning income on their idle cash.
  4. Diversification: It allows mutual funds to diversify their investments by participating in the money market segment through repurchase agreements.
  5. Risk Management: Since government securities serve as collateral, the risk of default is minimized.

Considerations For Investors

While TREPS can be a valuable tool for mutual funds, investors should consider the following points:

  1. Risk Awareness: Although TREPS are relatively low-risk investments, there is still a level of counterparty risk. It’s essential to be aware of the creditworthiness of the borrowing institutions.
  2. Returns: While TREPS offer enhanced returns compared to traditional fixed deposits, they may not always outperform equity or other high-return mutual fund schemes.
  3. Liquidity: TREPS are short-term investments, and the money is locked in for the duration of the agreement. Investors should consider their liquidity needs before participating.


TREPS in mutual funds are a strategic financial instrument that allows these funds to optimize their returns on surplus cash while managing liquidity. This strategy provides a safe and reliable source of income by investing in high-quality government securities. By understanding how TREPS work and their potential benefits, investors can make informed decisions about their mutual fund investments and maximize the potential for returns in their portfolios.


Is TREPS Good For Mutual Funds?

Investing in TREPS can yield high returns for the mutual fund, increasing its Net Asset Value (NAV). A higher NAV often attracts investors willing to pay a premium for the potential of greater returns, thereby boosting the mutual fund’s share price.

Who Issues TREPS?

TREPS Dealing System is an anonymous order matching System provided by CCDS to enable Members to borrow and lend funds.

What Is Reverse Repo And TREPS?

“Reverse repo” is an instrument for lending funds by purchasing securities with an agreement to resell the securities on a mutually agreed future date at an agreed price which includes interest for the funds lent.

What Is The Full Form Of TREPS In Rbi?

Tri-party repos (TREPS) is a risk-free borrowing and lending of funds against government-issued securities by financial institutions, banks, mutual funds, etc.

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