What Is Kharif Crops?

Charlotte Miller

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Are you curious to know what is kharif crops? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about kharif crops in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is kharif crops?

Understanding the intricacies of agricultural practices in India is essential for anyone curious about the nation’s economic backbone. One crucial aspect is the cultivation of Kharif crops, which plays a pivotal role in the country’s agrarian landscape. This article aims to provide a detailed insight into what Kharif crops are, their examples, the Kharif season, and the key differences between Kharif and Rabi crops.

What Is Kharif Crops?

Kharif crops refer to the crops sown during the monsoon season, which typically begins in June and lasts until October. These crops are known for their dependency on the southwest monsoon and thrive in the ample rainfall characteristic of this season.

Kharif Season:

The Kharif season is marked by the onset of monsoon rains, providing the necessary moisture for the cultivation of Kharif crops. This season is crucial for India’s agriculture, as it contributes significantly to the overall food production.

Examples Of Kharif Crops:

  • Rice: A staple in Indian cuisine, rice is a prominent Kharif crop widely cultivated across the country.
  • Maize: Used for various purposes, including food, fodder, and industrial applications, maize is a significant Kharif crop.
  • Cotton: An essential cash crop, cotton is cultivated during the Kharif season and contributes significantly to the textile industry.
  • Sugarcane: Known for its economic importance, sugarcane cultivation is prevalent in the Kharif season.
  • Millets: Crops like bajra and jowar, both nutritious and versatile, are examples of Kharif millets.

Kharif Crops In India:

India, with its diverse agro-climatic zones, witnesses the cultivation of various Kharif crops in different regions. The crops chosen for cultivation depend on factors such as soil type, rainfall pattern, and temperature.

Difference Between Rabi And Kharif Crops:

  • Sowing Time: Kharif crops are sown in the monsoon season, while Rabi crops are sown in the winter season.
  • Harvesting Time: Kharif crops are harvested in the autumn, while Rabi crops are harvested in the spring.
  • Water Source: Kharif crops rely on rainwater, while Rabi crops are typically irrigated.

Educational Perspective:

For students exploring the concept of Kharif crops, this knowledge is often a part of the curriculum. Understanding the basics, such as the difference between Kharif and Rabi crops, is crucial for academic growth.


Kharif crops are integral to India’s agricultural success, contributing significantly to the nation’s food security and economy. Recognizing the significance of these crops, their examples, and the differences between Kharif and Rabi crops helps paint a comprehensive picture of India’s diverse and dynamic agricultural practices.


What Is Called Kharif Crop?

Crops that mainly grow during summer are called kharif crops. They are sown at the beginning of the rainy season around June and are harvested around October. Rice, maize and groundnuts are examples of kharif crops.

What Is A Kharif Crop Class 8?

The crops which are sown in the rainy season are called Kharif crops. The rainy season in India is generally from June to September. The main Kharif crops of India are paddy, maize, soybean, groundnut, and cotton.

What Is A Rabi Crop?

They are grown in October or November. The crops are then harvested in spring. These crops require frequent irrigation because they are grown in dry areas. Wheat, gram, and barley are some of the rabi crops grown in India.

What Is The Kharif And Rabi Season?

The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). The crops grown between March and June are summer crops.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

Kharif Crops Examples

What Is Rabi Crops

What Is Kharif Crops In India

Rabi Crops Examples

What Is Kharif Crops Class 8

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Kharif Season

Difference Between Rabi And Kharif Crops

What Is Kharif Crops